Many scientists rely on bar graphs and line graphs that effectively reduce your data to a single mean per group. Even with the addition of error bars, the whole process tends to hide important information. These authors suggest that scatterplots that show every data point would be a better way to present your research data.

Weissgerber TL, Milic NM, Winham SJ, Garovic VD. Beyond Bar and Line Graphs: Time for a New Data Presentation Paradigm. PLoS Biol. 2015;13(4):e1002128. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002128. Available at


This Recommendation was added to the website on 2015-04-30 and was last modified on 2020-02-29. You can find similar pages at Graphical display.

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